Monday, May 25, 2020

Alcoholic Industry Analysis Of The United States - 861 Words

Alcoholic Industry Analysis in the United States Overview: Alcoholic beverages are known to be around ever since humanity exists. There is evidence in old Egypt (drawings), in China anthropologists found indicators of an early drink. â€Å"In Greece, babylonians worshiped a wine goddess around 2700 B.C.† (1). In India a drink distilled from rice existed, it was called â€Å"sura†, many Native American civilizations made drinks out of fruits and corn, they called it â€Å"chicha†. In the 1600s, this kinds of drinks were largely used as medicine. In the early1800s Britain’s parliament passed a law encouraging the making of distilled beverages. By the 1900s, gin consumption in England reached over 18 million gallons and alcoholism grew as pandemic. Some changes were seen in the 19th century, starting with some regulations and ending up with the Prohibition era in the United States. A law passed in 1920 forbidding any production and consumption of alcohol, which was lifted up in 1933. Currently there are laws regulating it, such as that only people over 21 years old can drink. â€Å"Today, an estimated 15 million Americans suffer from alcoholism and 40% of all car accident deaths in the US involve alcohol† (2). The importance of Beverage Industry in the US economy is enormous. In 2014 the American Beverage Licensees approximated its impact overpassed $245 billion. Contemplate the table below to have an idea of this industry significance (3). As we can note, the economic impact this industryShow MoreRelatedPESTLE analysis on wine industry1112 Words   |  5 PagesPESTLE analysis on wine industry Constellation Brands, EJ Gallo Winery, and Wine Group are amongst the three top producers of Wine in the United States. The success of the three organization have been acquired from the recent acquisitions, as well as, their capability of changing with the consumers needs the three major issues which the wine industry is currently being faced with entail upholds the standards of advertising, the corporate buyouts threat as well as, the increasing wine market. IndustryRead MoreEssay Marketplace Changes for Coca Cola1034 Words   |  5 PagesThe PEST analysis examines changes in a marketplace caused by Political, Economical, Social and Technological factors. P: Political change, from one party to another in control- for example the rise in private healthcare and privatisations under Conservative governments. Political Analysis for Coca-Cola Non-alcoholic beverages fall within the food category under the FDA. The government plays a role within the operation of manufacturing these products in terms of regulations. There are potentialRead MoreEssay on The Brown-Forman Corporation1386 Words   |  6 PagesThe Brown-Forman Corporation is one of America’s largest producers and distributors of spirits and wines; selling to state governments, retailers, and wholesalers. Founded in 1870 in Louisville, Kentucky by George Garvin Brown, the company provides comprehensive industry services that span the expanse of manufacturing, marketing, bottling, importing and exporting, and sales of alcoholic beverages. The majority of their brands are globally recognized such as Jack Daniels, Southern Comfort, FinlandiaRead MoreCase Study : Brisbane Brewing Company1485 Words   |  6 Pagesconsidering the diverse drinking needs of various age groups in the society. As such, it will be producing non-alcoholic drinks for the age group 15 -35 and alcoholic drinks for the ages 18-25. The reason for this approach is to meet statutory regulations and to make sure that there is no alcohol consumption by the underage. We also believe that by limiting the age of an adult to whom our alcoholic drinks can be sold will help up solve the drinking menace that affects many families. Opportunities The craftRead MoreThe Beer Industry Is A Competitive1310 Words   |  6 PagesThe beer industry is a competitive, many faceted enterprise. In every industry, there is competition as customers have a variety of product alternatives and every competitor are collectively competing with one another (Ayub et al, 2013). In 2012, over 1,750 breweries operated in the United States (U.S.), with over 1,920 the following year (Brewers, 2015). The industry s 2013 total dollar retail value was $7.6 billion dollars as pint consumption amount of 50 billion pints at an average priceRead More3 Target market HTG targets the customers who are from upper and upper middle class since it is a1200 Words   |  5 Pageswine business of the world, the alcoholic drinks industry can fully take this advantages, primarily because they have made great investments to improve the quality and the size of both import and export in alcoholic industry operation (Obot Room, 2008), especially for vineyards and malted beer manufactories. And in the meantime, the sales volume of spirits has also increased almost 20% than the past few years according to the findings of GENACIS, although the alcoholic drinks market in Argentina isRead MoreRobert Mondavi Corporation: Study Notes760 Words   |  3 Pagesthe premium U.S domestic wine market and industry The premium U.S domestic wine market and industry had approximately 1500 players or wineries. The concentration of the wine industry had segmentations with the top ten players within the market control more than two thirds of the total production shares. The production of wine was prevalent in all states with the exception of the state of Alaska (Silverman et al, 2001). Selling of wine within the industry was in three tiers (wineries, wholesalersRead MoreEssay about The Coca-Cola Company1076 Words   |  5 PagesIndustry General Description The Coca-Cola Company - American multinational corporation operates in a nonalcoholic segment of Beverage Industry. The history of the industry goes back to the 17th century, when the first marketed soft drink came to the Western Market. The Beverage Industry product portfolio consists of soft drinks, carbonated beverages, and alcoholic beverages. Kinds of drinks in a non-alcoholic segment varies a lot and includes such beverages as tea, coffee, juices, carbonated drinksRead MoreDubai Refreshments Company, The Sole Franchisee And Distributor For Pepsi Co1437 Words   |  6 Pagesprevent losing market share to competitors. Company’s History and Growth Dubai Refreshments Company originally located in Deira on the Maktoum Street was endowed in 1959. By 1962 they became the distributor and solo franchisee of PepsiCo within United Arab Emirates. They inaugurated their sponsorship in 1997 with the Dubai Shopping Festival which runs every year and gained 7 UP from NRC by 2003. 2004 was a turning point for the company as they launched Aquafina the brand and set up factories onRead MoreCorona Beer (Modelo)1464 Words   |  6 Pages Abstract This case analysis presents a synopsis of Corona Beer (Modelo) current strategy and its position within the competitive beer industry. The key question being addressed is whether Modelo would be able to maintain its status as one of the market leaders in beer production and distribution as competition in the industry increases. This paper presents an analysis of the trends within the global beer market, analysis of the foreign market of Modelo, competitor analysis, and by identifying the

Thursday, May 14, 2020

UMass Amherst Acceptance Rate, SAT/ACT Scores, GPA

The University of Massachusetts Amherst is a public university with an acceptance rate of 59%. Located in Amherst, Massachusetts, UMass Amherst is the flagship campus of the University of Massachusetts university system. As the only  public university  in the  Five College Consortium, UMass offers the benefit of state tuition with access to classes at  Amherst College,  Mt. Holyoke College,  Hampshire College, and  Smith College. The large UMass campus is easily recognized because of the W.E.B. DuBois Library, the tallest college library in the world. UMass frequently ranks among the top 50 public universities in the U.S., and it has a chapter of the prestigious  Phi Beta Kappa  honor society because of its strong liberal arts and sciences programs. Students can join a number of on-campus activities, ranging from academic groups to performing arts ensembles. In athletics, the UMass Minutemen compete in the NCAA Division I  Atlantic 10 Conference. Popular sports include swimming, track and field, basketball, and rowing. Considering applying to UMass Amherst? Here are the admissions statistics you should know, including average SAT/ACT scores and GPAs of admitted students. Acceptance Rate During the 2017-18 admissions cycle, UMass Amherst had an acceptance rate of 59%. This means that for every 100 students who applied, 59 were admitted, making UMass Amhersts admissions process competitive. Admissions Statistics (2017-18) Number of Applicants 41,612 Percent Admitted 59% Percent Admitted Who Enrolled (Yield) 20% SAT Scores and Requirements The University of Massachusetts Amherst requires that all applicants submit either SAT or ACT scores. During the 2017-18 admissions cycle, 87% of admitted students submitted SAT scores. SAT Range (Admitted Students) Section 25th Percentile 75th Percentile ERW 600 680 Math 600 710 ERW=Evidence-Based Reading and Writing This admissions data tells us that most of UMass Amhersts admitted students fall within the top 20% nationally on the SAT. For the evidence-based reading and writing section, 50% of students admitted to UMass Amherst scored between 600 and 680, while 25% scored below 600 and 25% scored above 680. On the math section, 50% of admitted students scored between 600 and 710, while 25% scored below 600 and 25% scored above 710. Applicants with a composite SAT score of 1390 or higher will have particularly competitive chances at UMass Amherst. Requirements UMass Amherst does not require the SAT writing section. Note that the University of Massachusetts Amherst participates in the scorechoice program, which means that the admissions office will consider your highest score from each individual section across all SAT test dates. At UMass Amherst, SAT Subject tests are not required. ACT Scores and Requirements UMass Amherst requires that all applicants submit either SAT or ACT scores. During the 2017-18 admissions cycle, 22% of admitted students submitted ACT scores. ACT Range (Admitted Students) Section 25th Percentile 75th Percentile Composite 26 31 This admissions data tells us that most of UMass Amhersts admitted students fall within the top 18% nationally on the ACT. The middle 50% of students admitted to UMass Amherst received a composite ACT score between 26 and 31, while 25% scored above 31 and 25% scored below 26. Requirements The University of Massachusetts Amherst does not require the ACT writing section. Unlike many universities, UMass Amherst superscores ACT results; your highest subscores from multiple ACT sittings will be considered. GPA In 2018, the middle 50% of University of Massachusetts Amhersts incoming class had high school GPAs between 3.7 and 4.1, and an average GPA of 3.9. 25% had a GPA above 4.1, and 25% had a GPA below 3.7. These results suggest that most successful applicants to UMass Amherst have primarily A and B grades. Self-Reported GPA/SAT/ACT Graph University of Massachusetts Amherst Applicants Self-Reported GPA/SAT/ACT Graph. Data courtesy of Cappex. The admissions data in the graph is self-reported by applicants to University of Massachusetts Amherst. GPAs are unweighted. Find out how you compare to accepted students, see the real-time graph, and calculate your chances of getting in with a free Cappex account. Admissions Chances The University of Massachusetts Amherst, which accepts over half of applicants, has a somewhat selective admissions process. If your SAT/ACT scores and GPA fall within the schools average ranges, you have a strong chance of being accepted.  However, UMass Amherst has a  holistic admissions  process involving other factors beyond your grades and test scores. A  strong application  essay and  glowing letters of recommendation  can strengthen your application, as can participation in  meaningful extracurricular activities  and a  rigorous course schedule. Applicants to UMass Amherst should note that some programs also have portfolio or audition requirements. Students with particularly compelling stories or achievements can still receive serious consideration even if their test scores are outside UMass Amhersts average range. In this scattergram, the blue and green dots represent accepted students. You can see that the majority of students who were accepted had high school averages of B or better, combined SAT scores of about 1100 or higher (ERWM), and ACT composite scores of 23 or higher. Clearly the higher your grades and standardized test scores, the better your chances are of receiving an acceptance letter.  UMass Amherst rejects very few students with A averages. All admissions data has been sourced from the National Center for Education Statistics and University of Massachusetts Amhersts Undergraduate Admissions Office.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Using Christian Principles And Concepts From Our Textbook

In week 6, I will be reviewing a project manager’s role in creating training materials, using Christian principles and concepts from our textbook. A task was given by my supervisor Marge that entails creating training materials that the company’s trainers will use during training sessions. There will be parts 1 and 2 to help guide the materials that will reflect and embody Christian principles of an organization and concepts from our textbook that the staff will be studying; this was requested by a client. In my conclusion, I will wrap up with an overview of what information I gathered during my discovery of the training materials being used, principles and concepts from the book of Nehemiah and our textbook Kloppenborg’s Contemporary Project Management. As I imagine myself as a project manager for a large, multi-national management training firm I wonder what it would be like. The company I’m working for has a task for me to create Part 1 and 2 train ing materials for the â€Å"Making Masterful Managers.† The client has requested to instill Christian Principles and project management skills from Kloppenborg’s textbook. How will I know where to start? And what information will I use? I will start by using the Kloppenborg’s Contemporary Project Management concepts from the beginning. First-- introducing the concept of project management and organizing projects. Secondly-- project selection and prioritizing, the organization structure, culture and role (Kloppenborg,Show MoreRelatedHow I Have Learned As A Student Essay1426 Words   |  6 PagesThis paper explores the various methods I have learned as a student in the introduction to research course. The skills and methods taught in this class have been presented through course textbooks, online articles and videos, and interaction with the professor. Other opportunities for learning the research skills and methods occurred through writing of papers, testin g knowledge through quizzes, and through interactive discussion board threads and posts. In addition to acknowledging these learnedRead MoreTheo 104 Reflection Paper 1642 Words   |  3 PagesTO CONSIDER FOR THE REFLECTION PAPER: Angels, Anthropological Argument, Arminianism, Assurance of Salvation, Attributes of God, Baptism of Holy Spirit, Believers Glorified Body Bible Study, Biblical Theology, Calvinism, Character Development, Christian Service, Comfort of God, Conscience, Contemporary, Theology, Conversion, Conviction, Cosmological Argument,Creation, Crown of Life, Deacon, Death Death of Christ, Deity of Christ, Demons,Denominations, Doctrine, Dogmatic Theology, Doubt, Elder,Read MoreThe Teachings and Influence of Bill Gothard2327 Words   |  9 Pagesicon of Christian counseling in the United States and in the world at large. 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Whether consciously considered or not, every humanRead MoreMethodism and Deism1421 Words   |  6 Pages Thomas Paine argued that there is happiness in Deism, when one rightly understood it concept. What makes Deism stood out from the rest of world religion, Is that Deist doesn’t need tricks to show miracles to confirm faith. He claimed that Deism brings happiness to it followers; unlike other religious believe systems where they restrain from reasoning and if the reasoning makes sense they will dispute against it. A man or a woman who able to think at all must restrain his/her own reason in orderRead MoreThe Role Of Higher Education Institutions Today?1713 Words   |  7 PagesLearning And Teaching From Pre-School Through Graduate School- Higher educational institutions work with P-12 schools to help prepare students with the increasingly higher-level skills needed to obtain and retain employment. 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Geisler In this thorough update of a classic textbook, noted Christian thinker Norman Geisler evaluates contemporary ethical options (such as antinomianism, situation ethics, and legalism) and pressing issues of the day (such as euthanasia, homosexuality, and divorce) from a biblicalRead More Teaching Origins in 20th Century American Public Schools Essay6390 Words   |  26 Pagescountered by creationists who are part of the growing fundamentalist movement and by some who distance themselves from fundamentalism. Finally, though evolution has been accepted by the scientific world and by national education standards and has won several high-profile court victories in the last two decades, creationists are still effectively exerting pressure on state standards, textbook publishers, and individual schools and teachers. 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Multiculturalists insist on greater sensitivity towards, and increased inclusion of, racial minorities and women in society. Christians should endorse both of these goals. But many advocating multiculturalism go beyond these demands for sensitivity and inclusion;

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Cache Level free essay sample

Describe the purpose of ONE (1) setting that is statutory provision for each age range. A statutory provision for under 5’s could be a nursery as it is fully funded by the government. The government dictates that education must be provided for all children under 5 although it is the parents’ wishes to send children to nursery. The intention of a nursery is so that they educate the children before they start school, also they can help develop their social and their motor skills so that they are nearly fully developed ready for starting school. The role of the school is to support parent’s wishes and access children’s educational needs. â€Å"The Foundation Phase is a statutory framework for children aged 3-7 in Wales. At our school we are committed to the holistic development of each child, looking at where they are in their stage of development and teaching them the skills they need to reach their full potential†-(http://www. cogannursery. co. uk/#/curriculum/4540401886)-10/10/12 A primary school is a statutory provision for ages between five and seven. This setting provides full time education by following the national curriculum â€Å"The National Curriculum, taught to all pupils in state or maintained schools, is made up of blocks of years, known as key stages† All local authorities in England and Wales must provide a choice of schools for children to attend. D2: Describe the purpose of ONE (1) setting that is a different type of provision for each age range. A different provision for under 5’s could be a private nanny, a private nanny works in the home of the children and lives in or out of the home depending on the parent’s decision. A nanny looks after children from birth onwards although this depends on the parents’ wishes. Nanny’s work in a private working agreement, so the parents of the children pay the nanny directly and also pay their taxes and national insurance. A purpose of a nanny is so that in out of school hours the children are looked after and cared for; a nanny is purposed for busy working class parents. â€Å"Nanny is responsible for the entire care of the children of their employers. This includes anything from washing the childrens clothes and tidying the childrens rooms, to supervising homework and preparing childrens meals, as well as taking children to and from school and activities. A nanny is available 24 hours a day, unless their employment contract states otherwise. †- (http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Nanny)-10/10/12 A different provision for children between five and seven could be an out of school club. An out of school club doesn’t educate children although they do offer a range of activities. It is the parent’s choice to use the school club as it is fully paid by the parents. All out of school clubs follow health and safety rules. â€Å"Our aim is to provide quality accessible  out of school childcare offering a range of play activities in a friendly and  welcoming atmosphere. †- (http://www. debsoutofschoolclubs. co. uk/ )- 15/10/12 D3: Describe the work of a professional or an agency working with children. A professional role which would work with children would be a children’s nurse. A nurses’ role is varied and sometimes challenging. Support is a major factor for the role of a nurse; children’s nurses will work as part of a team including doctors, hospital play staff, radiographers, healthcare assistants, new-born hearing screeners, psychologists and social workers. â€Å"This branch involves everything from nursing a sick new-born to an adolescent road accident victim. The challenges are very varied, with family care and support a key element. †- (http://www. nhscareers. nhs. uk/explore-by-career/nursing/careers-in-nursing/childrens-nursing/ ) A Children’s nurse helps and supports children by evaluating patient needs to provide the best possible care. Nurses also support families of the patients they educate and advise children about treatments and implications also to provide support and training to help deliver follow-up care at home. â€Å"It is a privileged position which allows you to help families when they can be at their most vulnerable†- (http://www. dayinthelife. org. uk/Default. aspx? pageid=322) D4: Describe how to keep information about children and families confidential. It is important to be confidential as it is a legal requirement in some cases. The policy for confidentiality means that information about children or families should not be shared amongst others. Everyone who works in a childcare setting must know about the confidentiality policy and follow the rules. The policy also states that all information and facts about the child must be stored in an secure safe place, information and facts about each individual child should be stored and locked away and only to be used when needed by the teachers or staff when given permission. Contact details of each individual child should be stored away this includes their name, age, number, address etc. Also other paperwork of each child should be stored away too, such as school reports, grades/levels, medical notes, etc. â€Å"Anyone working with young children, whether in a nursery setting, a school or in a family home, will need to practice confidentiality. Confidentiality is respect for the privacy of any information about a child and his or her family†- An Introduction to Childcare and Education, Carolyn MeggItt, Jessica Stevens, Tina Bruce, ISBN 0-340-78007-X, 215pg- Monday 8th October 2012 (Date Found), Year 2000 Published. D5: Explain how to prepare to work in a placement with children. To prepare for work placement with children always be prepared, call placement at least two days before you start to confirm what time you are due in and finish and what you are supposed to wear and bring to placement. When meeting you supervisor for the first time always make sure you look neat and tidy, by tying your hair back, make sure nails are short and well cared-for, wear natural make up or none if possible, take all excessive jewellery out e. . facial piercings, also dress appropriately e. g. smart pair of trousers/leggings, with a black or white t-shirt/polo shirt, jacket or cardigan and a sensible black pair of shoes. D6: Give TWO (2) different ways in which you can show that you understand the importance of valuing each child as an individual. There are many ways of treating children as individuals. As a practitioner you could meet the child’s needs by talking to a child one to one as this could stren gthen the child’s self-confidence and esteem. Every child learns differently a child could learn by auditory (Listening, being told things), kinaesthetic (doing practical activities), visual (being shown things or remembering information by drawing) or read/writing learning (prefer to read instructions than being told what to do), as a practitioner you need to be aware of this. Going down to a child level could make it easier for them to understand the task being asked as they will feel more comfortable and also the teacher can understand what they find difficult. Listen to the child and treat them accordingly to their wishes and needs. All children should be treated equally and activities set differently according to their abilities. When planning an activity at the setting I must make sure that each child participates in the activity like making â€Å"Christmas â€Å"cards, some children do not celebrate Christmas so find another sort of celebration card or activity for them to do. Diversity could be shown within children nurseries creches, day-cares and schools. Every child had different religions and beliefs to follow so encouraging children to understand the different religions and beliefs to understand why other children celebrate these other celebrations. Practitioners and teachers should do certain activates with the children which involve different religions so the children have more of an understanding of the religions around them e. g. do painting activities including different symbols of religions, playing games from religions, reading books of religions etc. C1: Give TWO (1) examples of when you should refer information about children and families to professionals in the setting. You should only share information about a child and their family if you are concerned that the child is in harm, this could be through abuse, neglect or violence. If you have concerns that a child may be in this situation you should inform a higher member of staff who then can contact the police and social services. Social services and police work together as a multi-agency which is where two or more agencies work together to make an impact. If a professional in a childcare setting may be concerned that a child is in danger, or has seen any bruises of physical abuse he/she should report it to a higher member of staff. A professional may also reveal confidential information to other staff/professionals if it may put other people/children in harm or it may affect the child’s behaviour and emotions such as stress within the family. Another example of when a professional might share personal information is when a Childs routine may be changed e. g. changes have been made to picking up or dropping off a child. Staff would need to know this information as so they are able to let the child go at a differ time or with another guardian or the child. B1: Explain why the first impressions that you make in the setting are important. The first impressions when starting placement first time is important because this is what you are remembered by and what people judge u on. You should wear appropriate comfortable smart clothing which is suitable for when doing activities with the children. Most nurseries/day cares expect their employers and practitioners to dress smartly e. . black trousers, white smart shirt. A good appropriate attitude is also important when making a first impression; you should be enthusiastic eager and always make sure you look like you’re enjoying yourself whatever you’re doing. Making a good impression shows that you value the job/placement. Team work is needed through of life it’s a needed life skill it is important especially when working with children. B2: Explain suitable ways in which you can show positive attitudes when working in a childcare setting. Within a childcare setting you can show a positive attitude by involving yourself with the children. You should wear suitable comfortable clothing for working with children, this might be a pair of stretchy smart trousers and a white polo top and a pair of black smart shoes. A: Explain the importance of keeping information about children and families confidential. It’s important to keep information about children and families confidential at all times. As practitioners you are never to discuss matters or concerns about children and their families outside the working environment. It important to maintain confidentiality about children and their families secure and safe as it is your responsibility as a professional. When sharing information about a child or their family you’re not just breaking the rules and policies of you working placement you are also putting a child at risk and harm. A*: Reflect on the importance of recognising your own learning style and using this knowledge effectively in your studies. After learning about learning styles I found out that my learning style is visual, this mean that I would prefer to learn through seeing e. g. eing shown things through pictures, slide shows and diagrams. Recognising your own learning style will help you by finding out the best way for you to learn and understand things. There are three different types of learning styles such as visual, auditory and kinaesthetic. Visual learning style mean that you learn better by recognising things e. g. pictures, posters, watching a programme. Auditory leaning st yle means that you learn better and understand more by listening to other people. A kinaesthetic learner learns by practical learning for example moving around and doing the activity not just writing notes about it. Bibliography http://www. cogannursery. co. uk/#/curriculum/4540401886 10/10/12 http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Nanny -10/10/12 http://www. debsoutofschoolclubs. co. uk/ 15/10/12 http://www. nhscareers. nhs. uk/explore-by-career/nursing/careers-in-nursing/childrens-nursing/ 15/10/12 http://www. dayinthelife. org. uk/Default. aspx? pageid=322 23/10/12 An Introduction to Childcare and Education Carolyn MeggItt, Jessica Stevens, Tina Bruce, ISBN 0-340-78007-X, 215pg- Monday 8th October 2012 (Date Found), Year 2000 Published. Word Count 1,497

Saturday, April 11, 2020

ANOVA Paper - Inventory Accuracy of Team Cs Manufacturing Department

ANOVA Paper - Inventory Accuracy of Team Cs Manufacturing Department The business problem Team C will be analyzing revolves around the inventory accuracy of Team C's manufacturing department. Inventory is a very important subject when a company is publicly owned. It is imperative that a company keeps excellent records of their inventory for investment purposes. Most investors consider inventory the same as money because in essence, it took money to either purchase said inventory or create inventory. Having inaccurate inventory reporting is a very serious crime whether it is done on purpose or not. History has shown that it can lead to very stiff punishment.Historically teams C's manufacturing department has not made inventory accuracy a priority. It was not until 2005 that the department created a cycle count team to track inventory accuracy, and eliminate an end of the year wall-to-wall inventory. The first year of cycle counts was accompanied by a goal of ninety percent overall inventory accuracy for the department.English: anova_ergebnisThe manufac turing department was able to reach this goal but, throughout the year it was realized that the ninety percent goal was not an acceptable goal for inventory accuracy. So a plan for adding percentage to the goal every year was design to ensure continuous improvement when it come to inventory accuracy. The cycle count accuracy goal for 2006 was stated at ninety-two percent overall accuracy.As the year of 2006 progressed it was realized that the department because of multiple factors, the department would be very close to failing to reach their goal of ninety-two percent cycle count accuracy. With there being multiple processes in the manufacturing department the three teams in the department had three different ways of transacting their inventory. The question arose whether their one or more teams was holding the department down or if the average cycle count accuracy was the same...

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Themes in A Farewell to Arms

Themes in A Farewell to Arms A Farewell to Arms is a novel that is set during World War 1. It is the story of two lovers, Henry and Catherine and the impact of the war on their life and love. The novel has several strong themes that are continuous throughout the books.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Themes in A Farewell to Arms specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Tragedy The novel ends with Catherine’s death and Henry walking alone back home in the rain. He has lost his baby and the love of his life. When authoring the book, Hemmingway said â€Å"The fact that the book was a tragedy did not make me unhappy since I believed that life was a tragedy and it could only have one end† (Hemmingway, 1948, vii-viii) The author referred to the novel as his Romeo and Juliet. Unlike other forms of tragic narratives where the character suffers as a result of his wrong decision, Henry suffers for committing himself to love. He makes the de cision that the readers desire him to make. He decides to be with his love, and at the end, it turns out to be a sad affair when Catherine dies. As one reads the book, they sense an inevitable doom for the two lovers. The story will not end with them escaping to Switzerland to live a peaceful life. When the tragedy occurs, the readers come to concur with the author’s thoughts on life. It is indeed a tragedy (Merril, 1974). The tragedy is inevitable similar to the way Macbeth could not be forgiven his sins and restored to virtue or Lear be allowed to live his days with the faithful Cordelia. The author from the beginning of the story creates tragic expectations which must be fulfilled for the piece of literature to succeed. The author creates a sense of foreboding in several ways. When Henry thinks Catherine’s courage, he concludes that â€Å"If people bring so much courage to this world the world has to kill them to break them so of course, it kills them†¦it kill s the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially† (Hemmingway, 1948, pg258-259) When the lovers are in Switzerland and the seasons change from summer to autumn, Catherine also has a bad premonition. She tells Henry â€Å"I’m afraid of the rain because sometimes I see me dead in it.†(Hemmingway, 1948, pg131). The rain in the novel is symbolic of the tragedy that will occur.Advertising Looking for research paper on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The pattern of the book’s narrative structure is also a premonition of danger in the future. In the first book, Henry is deep in the war experiencing its horrors. In book two life gets better as he is off the battleground and taken to Milan. He meets Catherine and falls in love. However, in book three, it again changes, and he is back to the war. In book five and six, the couple escapes into Switzerland; however , the reader knows that it will not end well. He waits for the cyclic pattern of peace and turmoil to be fulfilled. War’s devastating effects From the beginning, as the author narrates the story in the setting of World War 1, the reader is shown the horrors and trauma of war. In the second chapter, the landscape is described as â€Å"the forest of oak trees on the mountain beyond the town was gone. The forest had been green in the summer when we had come into the town, but now there were stumps and the broken trunks and the ground torn up.†(Hemmingway, 1948, p6). The war changes the landscape from fruitfulness to barrenness. The first dialogue shows the baiting of a priest by Italian officers. Henry is blown up while consuming a piece of cheese. As he is being transported to the hospital, a dead soldier bleeds all over him. The bleeding soldier had been put above him in the ambulance. The man bleeds on Henry till he dies. Henry remembers that the stream of blood just k ept on flowing. â€Å"In the dark, I could not see where it came from the canvas overhead†¦ After a while, the stream from the stretcher above lessened and started to drip again and I heard and felt the canvas move as the man on the stretcher settled more comfortably. â€Å"How is he?† the Englishman called back. â€Å"We’re almost up.† â€Å"He’s dead I think,† I said (Hemingway, 1948, pg61). Two of his favorite subordinates, Passini and Aymo die, and he feels that they died unreasonably. By the end of the war, his best friend, Rinaldi ends up having a depression. When Henry asks Catherine what happened to his fiancà ©e the way she responds to the questions shows the devastating effects of the war. â€Å"He didn’t have a saber cut. They blew him all to bits† (Hemingway, p20). The author’s choice of words shows how he personally felt about the World Wars. The wounds that the characters get in the war show the way they af fect the individual’s life even when they are away from the battlefield. While Henry is in Milan, he runs into an American-Italian on his convalescenceAdvertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Themes in A Farewell to Arms specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More leave. Ettore Moretti had been injured three times in his body. He had a wound on the shoulder, on the leg, and the foot. Moretti describes his injury in lurid detail. â€Å"There’s dead bone in my foot that stinks right now. Every morning I take new pieces out, and it stinks all the time† (Hemingway, 1948, pg122). There are feelings of helplessness, defeat, and despair. Henry himself also suffers from an injury and has to take some time off recuperating in Milan. The doctor describes his wounds in detail. â€Å"Multiple superficial wounds of the left and right thigh and the left and right knee and right foot. Deep wounds of right knee and foot . Lacerations of the scalpwith possible fracture of the skull. Incurred in the line of duty† (Hemingway, 1948, pg59). Masculinity This is one of the main themes in the novel. Women are portrayed or treated as sexual objects. The reader encounters the first hero, Rinaldi in a brothel. Catherine Barkley is a nurse in the world of the Italians where all the women are viewed as whores. Rinaldi speaks to her and even fantasizes about marriage with her, but eventually, his attitude goes back to the standard attitude of male dominance and chivalry. â€Å"What a lovely girl†¦Does she understand that? She will make you a fine boy. A fine blonde like she is What a lovely girl.†(Hemmingway, 1948, pg99). If one encounters a doctor, he would ask if he is excellent in surgery and can make a fine leg. However, in the novel, Rinaldi thinks whether the nurse is sexually adequate if she will be able to make a fine boy! When Henry comes back from Milan, Rinaldi asks him whether Cathe rine was of practical help to him. The question carries with it a strong sexual connotation. The soldiers visit whores and regard the women as nothing more as the nature of work that they do. When the whores are being loaded into a truck for a retreat, the men start talking about how much they are being overcharged for the women’s services. They speak of the low value they get from them. â€Å"Over in half an hour or fifteen minutes. Sometimes less. Sometimes a good deal less.† (Hemmingway, 1948, pg170-171).Advertising Looking for research paper on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The soldiers in another scene start baiting the priest with sexual jokes, totally disrespecting the nature of the life he has chosen and making him profoundly uncomfortable. There is hostility between Henry and the women in authority. He also shows chivalry and a domineering masculine nature when he interacts with the head of the hospital in Milan, Miss Van Campen. The nurse sees Henry as domineering and rude while Henry sees that she is jealous of the sexual relationship he has with Catherine. He considers Miss Campen as the old maid who persecutes those who have sex as she has never experienced sex herself. In the final struggle with her, he tells her she cannot judge him since she is not a man. Secondly, he does not view her as a full woman either because she has not had any sexual experiences (Fetterley, 1976). Henry does not like being dominated by any woman who is evident when he speaks of his experiences with whores. â€Å"Does she(the whore) say that she loves him? Yes if h e wants her to. Does he say he loves her? He does if he wants to† (Hemmingway, 1948, pg105). Catherine in speaking of her dead fiancà ©e tells Henry how he wanted them to have sex. However, Catherine was reluctantly bound by the traditional mindsets of the society at that time. This shows the difference in how men and women perceived sex at that time. It is a casual affair for the men while it carries significant weight for the women. Lack of heroism The author does not show the traditional kind of hero that is often portrayed in war literature books. When comparing Henry to these heroes, he immediately falls short or pales in comparison. In the period that Henry is first called to serve at the Italian Front, Henry does not show any heroic thoughts on the war or retribution. He spends idyllic days with his friends in brothels and cafes. â€Å"I watched the snow falling, looking out of the window of the bawdy house, the house for officers, where I sat with a friend and two gl asses drinking a bottle of Asti† (Hemingway,1948, pg6). There are feelings of detachment from Henry concerning the war (Silvester, 2002). He is not involved emotionally in the process. He goes ahead and naively thinks â€Å"well, I knew I would not be killed. Not in this war. It did not have anything to do with me. It seemed no more dangerous than a war in the movies†(Hemingway, 1948, pg37). Henry at the beginning of the novel is a naà ¯ve man on the war and its close devastating effects (Dodman, 2006). When Catherine asks why as an American he is fighting in the Italian army, Henry gives a lot of evasive answers. It is an odd thing which Catherine mentions to him, but Henry just comments that in life there are at times when there is no explanation for everything. This shows the lack of traditional heroism attributes in Henry again. A heroic individual would have taken the opportunity to elaborate on the importance of fighting in the war and the reasons for his actions . He describes how his injury occurred while he was eating cheese. There are no glorified stories as he narrates the incident. He does not show heroism or patriotism. They are almost irrelevant to him (Hatten, 1993) He also feels a lot of helplessness at his role as an ambulance driver in the war. He does not see how he plays a critical role in the whole process. Henry observes that â€Å"Everything seemed in good condition. It evidently made no difference whether I was there or not. I had imagined that the condition of the cars, whether, or not things were obtainable, the smooth functioning of the business of removing wounded and sick from the dressing stations depended to a considerable extent on myself. Evidently it did not matter whether I was there or not (Hemingway, 1948, pg16). Initially, he had thought he was important, and the smooth running of operations depended on him. Henry faces the reality of the war and its horrors in the battleground that totally shatters the way he used to see things. Certain concepts lose meaning. The value of a man’s life seems not to carry much weight as he sees the dead soldiers. His thoughts are now devoid of any heroism or similar concepts. He concludes that the â€Å"Abstract words such as glory, honor courage, or hallow were obscene†¦Ã¢â‚¬ (Hemingway, 1948, pg185). He is under such trauma that he says â€Å"I had seen nothing sacred, and the things that were glorious had no glory, and the sacrifices were like the stockyards at Chicago if nothing was done with the meat except to bury it† (Hemingway, 1948, pg185). The honor and glory of the dead soldier are not expressed by Catherine either when she speaks of her dead fiancà ©e. She tells Henry that her fiancà ©e was killed and that was the end. Her actual words are that he was blown to bits. There is no portrayal of the woman who despite her loss speaks of her brave and patriotic man who participated in the war and lost his life. In the end, He nry gives in to his desire to be with Catherine and deserts the army. He feels a lot of shame though for what he has done and tells Catherine that they live like criminals. l wish we did not always have to live like criminals, I said. Darling, dont be that way. You havent lived like a criminal very long l feel like a criminal. Ive deserted from the army. Darling, please be sensible. It s not deserting from the army. Its only the Italian army. (Hemmingway, 1948, pg251) Escapism There is the element of individuals seeking escape in A Farewell to Arms. Catherine meets Henry when she is mourning for her dead fiancà ©. She does not really deal with her pain but immediately starts flirting and engaging in a romance with Henry. She uses love to escape from the pain. Similarly, Henry has seen the horrors of war which have had a significant impact on him. He also escapes into a love relationship with Catherine. In the end, he even escapes from his duties and goes with Catherine to Switzer land where they can live an idyllic life. He, however, does feel guilty for the decisions that he has made. They, therefore, find a form of temporary solace from the pain they have experienced. What started as a pleasant distraction for both of them soon becomes what sustains them and prevents them from going crazy in their minds. The novel portrays that love has some curative properties for the ones who choose to use it in order to escape from pain. However, the individual who still uses love to escape pain can never really be wholly healed; he will always to some extent be in pain. Love, therefore, is shown as a metaphor for illness and cure (Lahrmann, 2006) Love In the book, love is a recurrent theme that plays a significant role both in Henry’s and Catherine’s lives. The way the couple relates shows the depth of their feelings for each other. Looking at what Catherine tells Henry concerning her feelings, they are now past the age of flirting to deep feelings for ea ch other. Initially, they had been playing and flirting with each other which Catherine knows very well. â€Å"I did not love Catherine Barkley nor had any idea of loving her. This was a game like bridge, in which you said things instead of playing cards This is a rotten game we play, isnt it? What game? Dont be dull. Im not, on purpose. Youre a nice boy, she said. And you play it as well as you know how. But its a rotten game. Do you always know what people think? Not always. But I do with you. You dont have to pretend you love me. Thats over for the evening But I do love you. Please lets not lie when we dont have to. I had a very fine little show, and Im all right now. (Hemmingway,1948, pg 30- l). Catherine’s fiancà © had been killed in the war, and after nearly a year in mourning, she was still in pain. Henry was initially a diversion, a stand-in for the time being to play with. When Catherine slaps Henry in another scene, he gets angry but is certain of conquering her . He plans to achieve mastery of the game, seeing their interaction together as moves in a chess game. Later, they fall in love and their conversation changes. Catherine, deep in love tells Henry â€Å"Ill say just what you wish and Ill do what you wish, and then you will never want any other girls will you? There isnt any me any more. Just what you want. (Hemmingway, 1948, pg115) Catherine is very submissive even as she expresses her love to her man (Lockridge, 1988) â€Å"There isnt any me. I m you. Youre my religion. Youre all Ive got (Hemmingway, 1948, pg 116). Henry, in the beginning, had portrayed himself as an individual who does not love at all. He had told the priest that he does not love. In the course of the novel; however, he falls deeply in love with Catherine, abandons the army and escapes with her into Switzerland. Dodman, Trevor. â€Å"Going All to Pieces: A Farewell to Arms as Trauma Narrative† Twentieth Century Literature,52.3 (2006):249-274. Print. Fett erley, Judith. â€Å"A Farewell to Arms: Hemingways â€Å"Resentful Cryptogram† The Journal of Popular Culture, X:1 (1976): 203–214. Print. Hatten, Charles. â€Å"The Crisis of Masculinity, Reified Desire, and Catherine Barkley in A Farewell to Arms Journal of the History of Sexuality, 4.1(1993): 76-98. Print. Hemingway, Ernest. A Farewell to Arms. New York. 1948. Print. Lahrmann, Jessica. â€Å"Metaphorical Illness in Hemingways Works.† College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal (2006): 1-30. https://repository.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=httpsredir=1article=1016context=curejseiredir=1#search=%22escape%20from%20pain%20farewell%20arms%20journal%22 Lockridge, Ernest. â€Å"Faithful in Her Fashion: Catherine Barkley, the Invisible Hemingway Heroine†. The Journal of Narrative Technique, 18.2(1988): 170-178. Print. Merril, Robert. â€Å"Tragic Form in a Farewell to Arms.† American Literature, 45. 4(1974): 571-579. Print. Silvester, K atie. â€Å"The Wound in War Literature: An Image of Heroism† Chrestomathy: Annual Review of Undergraduate Research at the College of Charleston, 1(2002):214-231. Print.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

How Marketing Is Done On an International Scale Research Paper

How Marketing Is Done On an International Scale - Research Paper Example This paper illustrates that culture is the â€Å"collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another.† It is a phenomenon that involves the values, ideas, practices, â€Å"artifacts and other meaningful symbols† that enable people to understand each other for easier communication. Culture in itself also encompasses the goals that are shared by a community. It embraces the way of life of a group of people, which may differ from the next group. Some of the factors that contribute to such differences are the behaviors and practices of previous generations, which are in turn passed on to the next generation by way of tradition. All of these factors, embodied by culture, influences how one treats a fellow human being, how one communicates and negotiates, how one processes information and formulates a decision. The values that are inherent in culture help mold an individual in making important decisions such as wo rk and may be the determining factor in helping that individual achieve success. Understanding the culture of a group of people is very important in marketing, especially in such a field as complex as international marketing. This is because everything that a consumer does, even down to the way the consumer thinks, is heavily influenced by his/her culture. This is what makes marketing quite challenging, because cultures vary from one to another, and there are always changes introduced to groups of people that would also modify their culture. Indeed, the culture in the 19th century is different from how it is currently. In the same way, marketing strategies are also bound to change.